Living in Hamilton, Ontario


The City of Hamilton is the centre of a densely populated region at the west end of Lake Ontario known as the Golden Horseshoe. The southern part of the city includes the Niagara Escarpment, which Hamiltonians call “the mountain.”

The city itself has more than half a million people, with more than 20 percent not born in Canada.

Hamilton is home to the Royal Botanical Gardens, the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum and the Bruce Trail. It is also the home of both McMaster University and Mohawk College.

The most important economic activity in Ontario is manufacturing, and the Toronto–Hamilton region is the most highly industrialized section of the country. It is known as the steel capital of the country, with 60 percent of Canada’s steel being produced in Hamilton by Stelco and Dofasco.

Hamilton has more than 200 neighbourhoods to choose from, from central Hamilton (the downtown core) to Chinatown to Balfour.


Hamilton’s climate is humid-continental, and considered moderate.

The average temperatures throughout the year are as follows:

January: -5° C; February: -5; March: 0; April: 6; May: 13; June: 18; July: 21; August: 20; September: 16; October: 9; November: 4; December: -2

Public transit

The public transportation system within Hamilton relies on a bus system.  For maps, routes and schedules, see the Hamilton Street Railway Company.

The cost of taking public transportation varies depending on the route and distance. See here for a list of fare prices.

GO Transit – an inter-regional public transit system in Southern Ontario – offers frequent and reliable express bus service to Toronto. See


For information on driving in Hamilton and how to get a licence, see Driving.

Police services

Hamilton is protected by the Hamilton Police Service. For information on municipal police resources see Newcomers and Immigrants.

Contact the police: When to call 9-1-1

Dialing 9-1-1 is only to be used in emergency situations. An emergency is any situation that requires immediate assistance from the police, the fire department or an ambulance.

If you know your situation is not an emergency, then call the non-emergency phone line (905-546-4925).

Places of worship

Hamilton is a diverse city and home to many different places of worship where believers gather to practice their beliefs.

The main religions followed in the city include Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Sikhism.

See here for a list of places of worship in Hamilton.

Pre-arrival settlement and employment services in Ontario

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