It’s important to know what’s required to become a teacher in Canada before you arrive. And, when you know what’s required, you’ll be in a better position to secure a teaching job. So, here are four things to know about how to become a teacher in Canada:
1. An overview of the Canadian school system
2. The teacher certification process
3. The job outlook for teaching jobs
4. Labour market statistics for teachers in Canada
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1. An overview of the Canadian school system
In Canada, teaching is a regulated profession. So, to become a teacher in Canada you must be certified by the province or territory where you plan to teach. Each province and territory develops school curriculum and policy. As a result, curriculum and policy may be slightly different across Canada.
But, when it comes to hiring teachers, all provinces and territories require:
- A Bachelor’s degree in Education
- A teaching certificate from the province or territory where you intend to teach
- Proficiency in English and/or French, Canada’s official languages.
School boards are responsible for hiring teachers in Canada.
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2. How to get certified to become a teacher in Canada
The process to become a teacher in Canada can be lengthy. So, find out what documents you require to be certified before you arrive in Canada. And that way, you can begin the process while still in your country of origin. When you gather these documents before you land in Canada you’ll save time and money. It will also be much easier to gather documents in your home country, than trying to collect them from Canada.
You will have to provide a number of documents to be certified to become a teacher in Canada. For example, you will need to submit:
- Official documents that show your teaching credentials. The school that you attended must send documents directly to the certifying body in Canada. Official documents must be sent in a sealed envelope and include the seal of the institution, date, and signature of a signing authority.
- Statement of Professional Standing from a licensing body or an education ministry. This verifies that your right to teach has never been suspended, revoked, or cancelled.
- Language translation of your documents
- Language proficiency tests for teaching jobs. This is different than the minimum language proficiency you require to immigrate to Canada.
You can teach in the province or territory that certifies you to become a teacher in Canada. But, if you want to teach in another province, you will have to be certified in that province.
3. Job outlook for teaching jobs in Canada
Teaching is an important and necessary profession. And, many Canadian schools accept applications from teachers outside of Canada. However, the outlook for teaching jobs in Canada varies depending on the province or territory.
For example, jobs for secondary school teachers range from limited to good in each province and territory. So, it’s important to learn about the provincial and local labour market to ensure there is a demand for teachers. And, do your research to find out where jobs exist, or where there may be a surplus of teachers. Often, there is a greater demand for teaching jobs outside of large cities.
Research trends in the teaching profession and what they will mean for you. For example, do you need to upgrade your skills, gain more teaching experience, or obtain additional qualifications? Is your teaching level in demand? Are your teaching subjects in demand?
4. Labour market statistics for school teachers in Canada
The Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS) develops national labour projections for 2017 – 2026 for different occupations. And, based on their research COPS predicts if the labour market will experience a shortage, surplus, or balance.
Definition of labour market conditions:
Shortage: number of job seekers is insufficient to fill job openings
Surplus: number of job seekers exceeds job openings
Balance: number of job seekers and job openings are fairly even
The outlook for teaching jobs in Canada varies depending on the province or territory. However, labour market information projects that there will a balanced job market for teachers until 2026. So, that means the number of job seekers will closely match the available job openings. But, this is a national projection, and you will need to research the local labour market conditions.
Summary of national findings for teaching jobs: 2017 – 2026
Among the findings, the COPS research revealed:
- The balance between job openings and job seekers is likely to remain balanced for teachers
- Job openings are expected to rise due to teachers retiring
- Good working conditions will attract recent graduating teachers
- Retiring teachers will create about two-thirds of job openings for secondary school teachers
- Retiring teachers will account for almost 50% of job openings for elementary and kindergarten teachers
1. When you know how to become a teacher in Canada, you’ll be in a better position to secure a teaching job when you arrive.
2. To be able to teach in Canada you have be certified by the provincial or territorial government where you intend to teach.
3. It’s important to understand provincial and local labour market conditions so that you know where teaching jobs are in demand in Canada.
4. To learn more about certification, it’s best to contact the province directly. You can find links directly to certification information below.
For more information about certification requirements:
To become a teacher in Canada, you must apply to the provincial or territorial regulatory body. A certificate is necessary to teach Kindergarten to Grade 12.
To find out more about the requirements to become a teacher in Canada, visit the website of the regulatory body where you intend to reside.