Requirements to work as an Engineer in Canada
Finding engineering jobs in Canada may be different from your native country and you may need help finding job vacancies, updating your resume, writing cover letters, preparing for interviews, and understanding what Canadian employers are looking for.
We have prepared an engineering ebook full of valuable information that will make the process of becoming an engineer in Canada as smooth as possible.
The National Occupational Classification (NOC) is Canada’s reference on occupations. It provides job descriptions, occupational statistics and labour market information.
Electrical and electronics engineers
Industrial and manufacturing engineers
Metallurgical and materials engineers
Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)
Other professional engineers, n.e.c.
One of the first things you need to do is to find out the requirements to work as an engineer in Canada. Therefore, after you get your immigration visa, contact the regulatory body in the province or territory where you intend to settle in Canada. They will advise you about the required documentation and the fees for assessment. It is highly recommended that you complete this step before you arrive in Canada.
You may be asked to submit some or all of the following:
Original diplomas, degrees or full transcripts recording your course and marks, and the official program syllabuses or course descriptions.
Full address of the educational and professional institutions where you obtained your engineering qualifications.
Employment and character references.
All documents must have certified English or French translation (depending on the province).
The association will review your university background, assess your academic qualifications and may assign an examination program to ensure that academic requirements are met.
The examinations assigned will be based on your claim discipline or specialty of intended work.
Examinations are held once or twice a year, depending on the jurisdiction.
- Contact the professional association in the province or territory you will settle in before you move to get more information about the schedule of exams and take that into consideration when deciding the actual date of your departure to Canada.
Note that it is only engineers that require an Engineering license to practice in Canada. Engineering Technicians and Technologists are not regulated but are certified instead. They may be asked to produce a Technologist/Technician Certificate, which is voluntary and is offered in each province by the provincial associations.
- It’s important not to rush your application and only do that once you are fully aware of the licensure procedure and the regulatory body’s expectations from you.
Credentials Assessment Services
If you are planning to enroll in a college or university program to upgrade your skills, contact the institution in which you plan to study and find out the steps you should take and which credential assessment agency you should use.
To find more organizations and agencies providing credential evaluation, assessment and qualification recognition services, click here. You can also visit the Foreign Credentials Referral Office for information, path-finding and referral services on foreign credential recognition to help internationally trained workers like you succeed and put their skills to work in Canada more quickly.
Most Canadian cities offer employment opportunities in the engineering sector and the demand for each occupation varies from one province to the other. However, the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan offer a real concentration of employment opportunities, especially in the construction, mining and energy sectors. Northern Ontario offers as well opportunities in the mining sector.
When looking for jobs, broaden your geographic area to include smaller cities close to your target city. For example, if you intend to work in Toronto, you might find a job opportunity in the nearby city of Hamilton, which is less than an hour’s drive from there.
Find out where there is demand for your engineering profession in Canada and accordingly decide where you want to settle.
Professional engineers can be employed at construction companies, manufacturing companies, public power generation and utilities companies, mining companies, various levels of government, and consulting engineering firms. They can also be self-employed.
In Canada, the demand for engineers is especially high at the middle level, because of retirement. Companies are facing significant challenges finding senior level engineers. Though you might not get a senior level job immediately, it’s good to start at a lower level and work your way up in a few years.
Recommended: Understanding Canadian workplaces
You can get lists of engineering firms in different Canadian provinces by clicking the links below:
You can also visit the Canada’s Best Diversity Employers website. This special designation recognizes Canada’s best employers for recent immigrants. These employers offer interesting programs to assist new Canadians in making the transition to a new workplace — and a new life in Canada.
The Engineering Labour Market in Canada: Projections to 2025 report released by Engineers Canada, shows Canada is facing a short supply of engineers to replace retiring engineers. The report includes projected supply and demand of 14 engineering occupations by province, and the continued importance of engineers to the Canadian economy.
To meet the growing supply requirements, the report reveals that Canadian universities are granting an increased number of degrees to international students. In addition, internally educated engineers will play a critical role in meeting workforce requirements in various engineering fields across Canada. The federal government’s Express Entry system is an example of a program intended to meet Canadian labour market needs for potential skilled foreign workers.
Other highlights reveal that more than 100,000 engineer jobs will need to be filled in Canada between 2015 and 2025 as engineers retire and the economy continues to grow. As well, as the demand for engineers continues to be strong, inter-provincial mobility, engineering graduates, and immigration of engineers will be essential to fill positions.
Read the full report here.