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York Region’s population is 1,097,000. It is the fastest growing census division in Ontario. According to Statistics Canada, between 2001 and 2006 the population grew by 22 per cent and since 2006 it increased 16 per cent. This growth is mainly result of immigration. Most recent immigrants are young, well-educated and highly-skilled. The 2006 Census showed that 40 per cent of the immigrants who arrived in 2006 had a university degree or higher compared to 33 per cent in 2001. The majority of recent immigrants arrived from Asia. The largest ethnic group is Chinese; however, in the recent decade there is a significant increase in the number of newcomers from India, Iran and South Korea.

The municipalities that experienced the highest immigration rates are Vaughan, Markham, Richmond Hill, Newmarket and Aurora.