*Note: This post was updated as of February 22, 2021 to include information about the mandatory hotel quarantine requirement.
What to include in a quarantine plan is important to consider before you arrive in Canada. It’s a legal requirement for all people who enter Canada to prepare a quarantine plan and isolate for 14 days. You will need to have a quarantine plan after you complete your hotel quarantine requirement.
Your plan must include how you will travel to your place of isolation, and how you plan to get living essentials. But what else should you consider? Find out why a plan is essential and how you can meet the requirements.
What to Include in a Quarantine Plan
Consider the following questions when you create your quarantine plan:
Have you arranged a location to stay for your 14-day isolation period in your arrival city? Until further notice, international flights are landing at four Canadian airports:
- Vancouver (YVR)
- Calgary (YYC)
- Toronto ((YYZ)
- Montreal (YUL).
2. Is there anyone at your isolation location who may be vulnerable to COVID-19? This may include someone who:
- Is over age 60
- Has a medical condition such as heart disease; high blood pressure; asthma or other lung diseases; diabetes; cancer; immune suppression; or taking prednisone medication.
You may have to locate a different quarantine location if people who may be vulnerable to COVID-19 will be present.
3. Have you arranged how you will travel from the airport to your isolation address? You will not be able to use public transport including city buses, trains, and subways.
4. Are you able to make the necessary arrangements to get groceries and other essentials during your quarantine? You can visit this site for information about where to order your groceries online.
5. Do you have a non-medical face mask or face covering to wear when traveling? Airport officials will provide you with a face mask to travel to your isolation location if you do not have one.
6. Do you have enough money and necessities (including medication) for your 14-day quarantine period?
With a well-thought-out plan, you can avoid serious penalties. And because you will be unable to leave your quarantine location, you must prepare so that you have essentials such as food and medication.
Download our updated immigration checklists with the new Quarantine Plan Checklist:
The Government of Canada has put in place emergency measures to slow the introduction and spread of COVID-19 in Canada. You MUST quarantine for 14 days and monitor yourself for symptoms subject to the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Mandatory Isolation) No. 2.
Your compliance with this Order is subject to monitoring, verification and enforcement. Those in violation may face detention in a quarantine facility as well as fines and/or imprisonment.
So this means that you must or isolate yourself for 14 days as soon as you enter Canada. This applies to people with or without COVID-19 symptoms. And isolating yourself is necessary to:
- Limit the spread of COVID-19 and its variants
- Protect vulnerable people (people over the age of 60, with pre-existing health conditions, or weak immune systems)
- Flatten the COVID-19 curve.
Why You Need a Quarantine Plan
The government of Canada will enforce that you isolate when you arrive in Canada. So you will be responsible to follow isolation requirements. Therefore, you must think about what to include in a quarantine plan before you travel to Canada.
If you’ve come back to Canada from abroad, as of today we are strengthening measures. Now, if asymptomatic travellers cannot explain a credible quarantine plan, they will be required to quarantine in a hotel.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, May 20, 2020
WATCH: Prime Minister announces new quarantine measures for travelers
Enforcing the Quarantine Requirement
When you arrive in Canada, border officials from the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) will ask you questions about your quarantine plan. So you must provide them with the address where you will quarantine or isolate, and answer other questions. And if you do not have a suitable place to isolate yourself, you will have to go to a place such as a hotel or a site that public health officials identify.
Public health officials and local police can enforce quarantine requirements. So you also have to provide contact information through ArriveCAN.
Complying with Quarantine Requirements
It’s important that officials know how to contact you while you are in quarantine.
To make sure that you comply with the quarantine requirement, the government will conduct spot checks. And if you do not follow the quarantine plan, you can face a penalty that may include:
- A fine of up to $750,000
- A prison sentence of up to six months
- Both a fine and a prison sentence.
And if you knowingly cause a risk of death, the penalty is even greater. For example, you can:
- Face a fine of up to $1,000,000
- Go to prison for up to three years, or
- Get a fine and prison time.
As you can see, these are serious penalties. The good news is that you can prepare a quarantine plan. Doing so will help you to avoid a penalty and protect yourself and others. And you will be doing your part to fight the COVID-19 pandemic.
Making a Connecting Flight
If you are making a connecting flight from YVR Vancouver, YYZ Toronto, YUL Montreal, or YYC Calgary you must quarantine yourself in the final destination city. All people are required to quarantine whether or not COVID-19 symptoms are present.
You will also require a non-medical face mask or covering to travel to your place of isolation. If you do not have one, an airport official will give one to you.
What Happens if I Have COVID-19 Symptoms?
If you have COVID-19 symptoms you must travel to your quarantine location using private transportation. And you will not be able to use city buses, trains, or subways.
But if you do not have private transportation or a suitable place to isolate, you must go to a location that is identified by Canadian health officials, such as a hotel.
What Happens if I Don’t Have COVID-19 Symptoms?
Even if you don’t have COVID-19 symptoms you are still required to quarantine for 14 days.
If you do not have private transportation or an adequate place to isolate, the Chief Public Health Officer of Canada will designate a facility where you must isolate for 14 days.
Because information about COVID-19 is changing rapidly, we recommend that you follow the government of Canada updates. Or contact the provincial public health authority (see contact information below).
Monitoring Your Health is a Quarantine Requirement
While you are in isolation you must monitor your health for the following COVID-19 symptoms:
If you begin to show symptoms of COVID-19, you must:
- Immediately call the public health authority in the province where you are isolating
- Describe your symptoms and travel history, and
- Follow their instructions.
- These are important requirements that you must include in your quarantine plan.
Provincial and Territorial Public Health Authorities
British Columbia Call 811
Alberta Call 811
Saskatchewan Call 811
Manitoba Call 1-888-315-9257
Ontario Call 1-866-797-0000
Quebec Call 1-877-644-4545
New Brunswick Call 811
Nova Scotia Call 811
Prince Edward Island Call 811
Newfoundland and Labrador Call 811 or 1-888-709-2929
Nunavut Call 1-867-975-5772
Northwest Territories Call 811
Yukon Call 811
So while the quarantine requirements may be difficult, you can prepare a plan before you arrive in Canada. And when you know what to include in your quarantine plan this will help to protect you and others from COVID-19. A well thought out plan will help you to comply with legal requirements, avoid penalties, and ensure your safe entry to Canada.