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Construction jobs in Canada

Construction jobs in Canada are an important part of Canada’s economy. And if you’re interested in construction jobs, Canada needs your skills and experience for many great skilled trade jobs.

Canada has a high demand for skilled tradespeople for many large-scale building and infrastructure projects. So to understand what’s happening in construction, we’ll look at four important things to know about the industry including:  

  1. An overview of the industry

2. Construction credentials and certifications required in Canada

3. The job outlook for construction jobs

4. Labour market conditions for construction jobs in Canada: 2017 – 2026

The outlook for construction jobs is strong with many possibilities. And, the industry is growing so you can build a great career in skilled trades.

In fact, the industry is facing a labour shortage. And that’s because it’s expected that 21% of construction workers will retire over the next decade. As a result, the Canadian Construction Association (CCA) is working with the federal government to invest in programs to attract new Canadians. So, skilled trades are an excellent career opportunity for new Canadians.

To work in construction jobs in Canada, it’s important to understand what’s required before you arrive. When you know what’s required, you’ll be in a better position to land a construction job. 

For example, if your trade is regulated in the province or territory where you plan to live, you will need to:

  • Get a license or certificate
  • Register with the provincial or territorial regulatory body to work in your trade in Canada.


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1. An overview of the construction industry in Canada


In Canada, the construction industry employs 1.4 million people, and it is one of the leading sources of employment in Canada. The industry has two primary sectors:

  1. Residential construction

2. Non-residential construction (institutional, industrial, commercial) 


Construction sectors in Canada


Residential construction sector


Work in the residential sector includes both new home building and home renovation. And, employers in residential construction are typically:

  1. New home builders and renovation contractors who hire tradespeople on staff

2. Trade contractors that specialize in a specific area such as plumbing contractors or heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) contractors. 

There are many opportunities in residential construction across Canada. But, some regions more active than others. So, it’s important to research job demand at the national, provincial, and local levels.


new home building and renovation



Non-residential construction sector (Industrial, Institutional & commercial, Engineering)

Industrial construction


Within industrial construction, there are many large, resource-based construction projects on the rise all across the country.

While industrial projects are planned in all provinces and territories, here are some examples of projects taking place across Canada:

Industrial projects in Canada

Institutional and commercial construction:

Institutional construction is an important type of building work. It refers to building structures that play a vital role in communities related to:

  • Healthcare
  • Public works
  • Education
  • Recreation

Construction workers in this sector can build anything from hospitals and elementary schools to athletic centers and universities.

Within commercial construction, some of the main activities include constructing:

  • Office buildings
  • Hotel and entertainment buildings (gyms, cinemas, and arenas)
  • Retail stores and shopping centers

Mainly, general contractors or project managers are responsible for new constructions, additions, maintenance, and repair of commercial buildings.


shopping center construction


Engineering construction:


Engineering construction provides core infrastructure and essential services that keep communities running well. This includes building:

  • Bridges
  • Highways
  • Roads and mass transit systems


engineering projects in Canada


The engineering construction sector also installs essential services such as water treatment systems, and power and communication lines.


2. Training and certification to work in construction jobs 


The skilled trades are regulated by each province and territory in Canada. And, you may need a license or certificate to work in your trade in Canada. But, not all trades require a license. Find out what license you may need by clicking on the links below (see section: Find out how to get certified to work in your trade in Canada).

People start their career in the skilled trades by starting as an apprentice. An apprenticeship provides people who are interested in a skilled trade with:

  • On-the-job training
  • In-class technical training

And, you get paid to take classes and learn the trade from an experienced worker. 

But, developing skilled tradespeople can often take years. So to meet the labour shortage, Canada will rely on experienced tradespeople from outside of Canada.

Canada needs your skills and experience 


If you have experience in a trade from another country, you can complete a Trade Equivalency Assessment. The purpose of this assessment is to look at your:

  • past training 
  • work experience 
  • Level of education
  • Level of language ability

And, based on your previous work experience you may be qualified to write the Certificate of Qualification exam. This exam is a test of your knowledge, competence, and performance of important tasks in your trade. 


3. Outlook for construction jobs in Canada


Trades jobs are essential to the Canadian economy. And, construction is one of the leading sources of employment growth in Canada. As well, that growth is expected to continue over the next decade.

Many employers accept applications from experienced tradespeople from around the world. But, the outlook for construction jobs in Canada varies depending on:

  • the province or territory where you expect to land
  • And, your specific trade.

So, it’s important to research the job outlook for your trade. For example, the provincial job market for carpenters may be good in one province but limited in another province. 

Related Posts:

Best Cities for Construction Jobs in Canada

The Average Salary in Canada for Construction Jobs

Skilled Trade Jobs in Ontario: How to Get Started

Working in Canada: A 5-Step Approach



So, you need to find out where jobs exist, or where there may be a surplus of jobs. Also, research the trends in the construction industry and what they will mean for you. For example, do you need to upgrade your skills, or obtain additional qualifications?

To learn more about working in your trade in Canada, click on the links for information about wages, outlook, and requirements. The following are some of the trades jobs that are most needed in Canada.


Civil engineering technologist 

Construction and maintenance electrician 

Construction project manager 

Crane operators  

Industrial mechanic and millwright


Mechanic, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning) 

Sheet metal workers


4. Labour market conditions for jobs: 2017 – 2026

The outlook for construction jobs in Canada varies depending on:

  • the province or territory
  • Type of construction job


The Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS) develops national labour supply and demand projections for different occupations. This labour market assessment identifies market conditions for the period 2017 – 2026 for various trades jobs in Canada. 

Definition of labour market conditions:

The COPS research predicts if the construction labour market will experience a: 

Shortage: number of job seekers is insufficient to fill job openings

Balance: number of job seekers and job openings are fairly even

Surplus: number of job seekers exceeds job openings


Summary of national findings for carpenter jobs


Among other findings, the COPS research revealed: 

  • The job demand for carpenters will be balanced from 2017 – 2026
  • Job demand will arise from the growth and replacement of existing workers


To find similar information for over 50 different trades jobs in Canada, you can click this link, and type the title of your occupation in the search bar.


Find out how to get certified to work in your trade in Canada 


If your trade is regulated by the province or territory, you may need to get a license or certificate to work. But, not all trades are regulated.

Provincial and territorial regulatory bodies: 

  • Set the licensing standards and requirements 
  • Assess workers’ qualifications
  • Issue licenses when standards have been met.


To find out if your trade is regulated in Canada, visit the provincial regulatory body where you intend to land: 




British Columbia  


New Brunswick    

Newfoundland & Labrador 

Nova Scotia    


Prince Edward Island 






Northwest Territories    




For more information, tools, resources, and free webinars visit finding a job in Canada. Get the help you need to achieve your career goals in Canada!