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City hall in Kitchener Ontario
City Hall in Kitchener, Ontario

Moving to Canada is a big decision. And choosing the right city to settle in is another crucial decision. The city you select will affect your career, earning potential, living expenses, and quality of life. And, it can greatly determine your future success in Canada. Kitchener-Waterloo region is one of many cities to consider living in Ontario.

Choosing the right city to call home is a decision you cannot take lightly. Researching your destination city in Canada is vital. Importantly, you need to understand the local job market and the housing market because these two factors will impact your financial success. For example, you need to understand if your skills match the local labour market to secure a job. And, you need to understand how affordable the local housing market is. Housing costs in Canada vary. For example, for the same cost of renting a small apartment in Toronto or Vancouver, you could rent a large house in a smaller city.


Prepare for Canada can guide you with helpful information about living and working in the Kitchener-Waterloo region.

About Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario


The Kitchener-Waterloo region is an active, thriving place to live, work, study and invest. Immigrants come from all over the world to make the region their home in Canada. It has a thriving technology sector, is along a major highway and is the 4th largest Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) in Ontario. Commonly referred to as KW or the Tri-cities, the CMA includes the three urban centres of Kitchener, Waterloo, and Cambridge plus, four scenic rural townships: North Dumfries, Wellesley, Wilmot, and Woolwich. 

KW is a popular and affordable alternative to living in Toronto and offers a mix of big-city benefits and small-town charm. From KW, you can drive to the nearby cities of Toronto, London, Brampton, and Hamilton in about one hour. The area is close to nearby airports including the Region of Waterloo International Airport, London International Airport, and Toronto Pearson International Airport.

Regional map that shows the proximity of Kitchener Waterloo to major cities in southwestern Ontario.
KW is an hour’s drive to cities such as Toronto, Hamilton, and London, Ontario.

How Many People Live in Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario?

Over 623,000 people live in Kitchener-Waterloo-Cambridge (as of 2020). More than half live in Kitchener. The population has been steadily increasing by about 1.5% – 2% per year. However, over the past few years, it has been one of the fastest-growing regions in Ontario. It is expected to reach 729,000 people by 2031. 

Kitchener-Waterloo is also known as Canada's Silicon Valley. Google's Canadian Head Office is located here.
The Waterloo Region is also known as “Canada’s Silicon Valley”. Google Canada Head Office in KW

How to Find a Job & Build a Career in Kitchener-Waterloo

KW’s Local Economy

The KW region has a diverse economy that covers a range of sectors from manufacturing to high-tech industries. The area historically also has one of the lowest unemployment rates in Ontario.

The city of Waterloo has significant insurance and high-tech sectors. Kitchener is known for its manufacturing industry.


The region is home to world-class employment and the employment rate is one of the highest in Ontario. With a strong manufacturing base and other industries to provide meaningful employment, it is also a fast-growing hub for:

  • Technology and Innovation
  • Insurance
  • Advanced Manufacturing
  • Automotive
  • Aerospace
  • Digital 
  • Food Processing.

Major Employers in KW

The KW region has many large employers such as Sun Life Financial, the University of Waterloo, Manulife Financial, Sandvine, and Wilfrid Laurier University.

The city is also home to three well-known think tanks: the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, the Institute for Quantum Computing, and the Centre for International Governance Innovation. Together with Kitchener and Cambridge, Waterloo is part of Canada’s Technology Triangle (CTT), a joint economic development initiative that markets the region internationally.

Some of the area’s top employers include:

  • Allianz Global Assistance Canada
  • BlackBerry Limited
  • Equitable Life Insurance Company of Canada, The
  • Gore Mutual Insurance Company
  • Home Hardware Stores Limited
  • OpenText Corporation
  • System1 Canada ULC
  • Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada Inc. / TMMC
  • Waterloo North Hydro Inc.
  • WS Audiology Canada Inc.

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Career Pathways in KW

The job growth rate is on the rise. Total employment is close to 290,000 (2017). The region has the 10th largest workforce and the 4th largest manufacturing workforce in Canada. The top industries that are hiring are technology, manufacturing, insurance, and health care. Browse jobs in Kitchener-Waterloo here.

You can search for jobs through local recruiters such as Randstad Canada, RobertHalf, Biznets Professional Recruitment, Adecco Staffing, and MaxSys.

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The Kitchener-Waterloo Housing Market

A key priority when moving to KW includes finding the perfect place to call home. And, it’s common for new immigrants to rent or live in a short-term rental before buying a house in KW.  

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Is Housing Expensive in Waterloo, Ontario?

Waterloo has a range of housing types with various sizes, characteristics, and prices. Relatively, you’ll find that housing prices are affordable, lower than in Toronto and the surrounding area, but higher than in some other southern Ontario communities located away from Toronto.

Finding a Place to Rent in Kitchener-Waterloo 

It’s best to research the rental housing market before you arrive so that you have an understanding of costs. You can use online rental sites such as Rentals for Newcomers to search for available rental units in the KW area. Here, you can also find current rental prices. This is helpful since prices can change often. However, it’s best to conduct your search for rental housing when you arrive in Canada so you can physically view the apartment and meet with the landlord. This is also the best way to avoid rental scams.

Average Rental Costs as of January 2024

When renting a home or apartment, it’s also important to consider renter's insurance. This will protect your family, belongings, and finances from unforeseen events and liability. While renters’ insurance is optional, many landlords require it as part of your lease agreement. Get more information about renting a home: Renting in Canada: What Newcomers Need to Know

Buying a Home in Kitchener-Waterloo 

In comparison to Canada’s largest cities, Vancouver and Toronto, the KW region offers more affordable housing.

Housing Prices as of October 2023: Source: Royal LePage

To buy a home, contact a realtor in the area, who will guide you through the home-buying process. Find out more about buying your first home in Canada: First Time Home Buyer: Newcomer Tips

When living in Kitchener-Waterloo, it's easy to get around using Grand River Transit light rail trains and buses.
Grand River Transit operates light rail train and bus routes in Kitchener, Waterloo, Cambridge, and surrounding areas

Driving & Public Transit in Kitchener-Waterloo

Driving in Kitchener-Waterloo

Kitchener-Waterloo is conveniently located close to Highway 401, providing quick access to other major cities in the region. Highways 7 and 8 also pass through the area. It is common for residents to commute in and out of the city for work. 

Drivers must have a valid Ontario driver’s licence. You must be at least 16 to drive and pass the graduated licensing system to get a full G licence. You require a Class A or D licence to operate commercial vehicles. 

Getting Your Drivers License in Ontario

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Public Transit

The Grand River Transit system operates a bus and light rail system within the KW region. For maps, routes, and schedules, click here.

The cost to ride public transit varies depending on the route, method, and distance. Click here for fares and routes. And with GO Bus and Train services, you can live in the region and still have quick and convenient access to Toronto.

A GO train and platform showing a schedule from Kitchener-Waterloo to Toronto.
The GO train from KW to Toronto is a frequent rapid transit experience for commuters.

Community Support for Newcomers

The KW area is diverse and welcomes immigrants from around the globe. You can find settlement agencies across the region to help you adapt to your new community and access other services. Refugees and new immigrants can use services such as:

YMCA Immigrant Services, and

Kitchener-Waterloo Multicultural Centre.


Language Support

If you want to have your English language skills assessed or get language support, you can access many local programs. For example, Conestoga College, St. Louis Adult Learning Centres, English at First, and Renison University College all offer Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada (LINC) classes. Work-specific programs are also available. 

Personal Finance & Banking

All local banks in Waterloo have programs to help newcomers open a bank account and get a credit card. You can learn about getting a mortgage, personal loans, and investments. Visit a local bank branch to start the process. 

Get more banking tips for newcomers:

Top 10 Financial Steps to Take Before You Leave for Canada

Move to Canada | Transferring Cash & Valuables

Open a Bank Account Before Arriving in Canada

Waterloo’s Education System

There are many learning opportunities for your children in the Kitchener Waterloo Region. There are separate boards for catholic and public education. 

Elementary and High School Education

Throughout the Waterloo region, there are 121 schools – 103 elementary schools and 16 high schools. There are 46 Catholic elementary schools and five Catholic high schools. In addition, Kitchener-Waterloo has several private, adult, and continuing education institutions.

Post Secondary Institutions

The region is home to two universities and one technical college:

University of Waterloo is well known for its computer science, and mathematics, and is the top Canadian university for engineering.

Wilfrid Laurier University is known for its business and economic programs.

Conestoga College is consistently rated as one of the best colleges in Ontario.

Read more about education in Canada:

Schooling in Canada | A Look at the Education System

Higher Education Offers Benefits to Newcomers

Where To Get Medical Care in Kitchener-Waterloo

Four hospitals serve the KW region including Grand River Hospital, Freeport Campus, St. Mary’s General Hospital, and Cambridge Memorial Hospital. In case of an emergency call 9-1-1. This number is the same no matter where you live in Canada. 

For prescription drugs and some services that the Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP) does not cover, you can pay for private health insurance plans. Some employers offer third-party health insurance as part of their benefits package. Otherwise, you can take out an individual policy. For more information about health care in the Kitchener-Waterloo region, click here.

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How to Find A Family Doctor in Kitchener-Waterloo

The KW region, like many other areas in Ontario, has a shortage of doctors, so finding one can be difficult. Start looking for a physician who is taking new patients as soon as you arrive in the region. Register with Health Care Connect to find a doctor. Learn more about health care in Canada: Steps to Access Free Health Care in Canada

Photo of the Grand River in Cambridge, Ontario
Grand River flowing through the KW Region in Cambridge

What is Day to Day Life Like in Kitchener-Waterloo?

Things to Do in Waterloo

Waterloo is a great place to work, go to school, and raise a family. There are many things for new immigrants to do for fun and leisure. The region has historic landmarks, a broad selection of excellent restaurants, thriving farmers’ markets, art galleries, museums, antique shops, and factory outlets.

Public Spaces & Attractions 

The top attraction in the region is Kitchener-Waterloo Oktoberfest. Each year people since 1969, people love to celebrate the second-largest Oktoberfest in the world. It is also home to many other events such as the Kitchener-Waterloo Multicultural Festival, Kitchener Blues Fest, and Kultrun World Music Festival.

Restaurants & Nightlife

The KW area is filled with diverse restaurants, pubs, and bars. There are many locations featuring European and German cuisine. The downtown areas in Kitchener, Waterloo, and Cambridge are great places to get a bite to eat.

Nature & Natural Landscapes

Waterloo Region has many parks and trails along the Grand River for residents and visitors to explore. Larger parks, like Waterloo Park and RIM Park, have ball diamonds, sports fields, picnic areas, public washrooms and access to transit and parking.

Sporting Events & Concerts

The region is home to the Kitchener Rangers of the Ontario Hockey League and the KW Titans of the National Basketball League of Canada. The entertainment scene offers a wealth of live theatre, concerts by local and visiting artists, and performances by the Kitchener-Waterloo Symphony.

Culture & Diversity in Kitchener-Waterloo


According to the 2021 Statistics Canada census, 146,575 immigrants live in the Waterloo Region. The region has the 8th highest proportion of immigrants in the province. Between 3,000 and 4,000 new immigrants move to the area annually. 

In the last decade, the greatest number of immigrants were Asian, of which 18,265 were from India. European-born immigrants made up 47,630 with the highest number of immigrants coming from the United Kingdom with 10,130 people.

Since the Waterloo Region has German settlement roots dating back to 1916, there is also a large German community. And, there are more than 50,000 people in the region with German ethnic origins. 

Places of Worship

Waterloo Region is home to many places of worship, providing faith communities across the city with reflective spaces. For a list of churches and other places of worship in the Waterloo Region, click here.

The Weather in the KW Region

The region has a humid continental climate with four distinct seasons and large temperature differences. It has warm summer months and moderate winters.

Winter usually lasts from mid-December to mid-April and this is when you can expect snowfall. The average high in January is -3.1°C and in July rises to 25.9°C.

Exploring downtown is a fun activity when living in Kitchener.
Downtown Kitchener has many beautiful heritage buildings making it a unique place to call home

Common Questions Immigrants Ask About Living in KW

Is it Expensive to Live in Kitchener-Waterloo?

Housing in the KW area is less expensive compared to other cities in Ontario. A major benefit is the average salary is comparable to what you get in big cities, so the overall cost of living is lower. There is ample opportunity to find affordable housing in KW and surrounding communities. 

What are the Pros and Cons of Moving to Kitchener-Waterloo?

Kitchener-Waterloo offers new immigrants many benefits. It is a safe community that is affordable and offers many great festivals and cultural events. It’s also close to other cities. You can also live in surrounding communities, with many housing options. One drawback people often express is it is a student city because of the two universities. Traffic can also be heavy during rush hour. 

Living in Kitchener-Waterloo vs. Toronto – What’s the Difference?

Many people compare cities in Ontario to Toronto when thinking about where to move. The KW region offers many of the same career opportunities as Toronto, especially in technology, but the cost of living is about 20% cheaper. You are only a one-hour drive from Toronto, so you can still enjoy the big city amenities without the higher cost. 

For more information, tools, and free webinars about living in Canada visit our Settling in Canada resource page. We’ll help you to settle successfully!